- Where?

The LIFE programme is a European programme dedicated to Europe. A single country may be involved, or several, depending on the subject of the project and its objectives.

Six countries are involved in LIFE Carbon Farming: France, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Germany and Belgium.

- When?

LIFE was launched in May 1992.

Different cycles were then defined, with different budgets, objectives and projects.
LIFE I was the first programme to be set up, from 1992 to 1995. This was followed by LIFE II from 1996 to 1999 and LIFE III from 2000 to 2006.
This was followed by LIFE+, which ran from 2007 to 2013.
This was followed by two LIFEs bearing simply the name LIFE, from 2014 to 2020 and from 2021 to 2027.

This is the programme from 2021 to 2027 that we are talking about as part of the LIFE Carbon Farming project.

Find out more about the history of LIFE.

- What is it?

The LIFE programme is a European funding programme set up by the European Commission. It finances innovative public or private projects in the field of climate and the environment.

Click here to watch a video about the LIFE programme.

- How do we do it?

In the 2021-2027 LIFE programme, 4 sub-programmes have been defined:

  • Nature and biodiversity

Find out more.

  • Circular economy and quality of life

Find out more.

  • Climate change mitigation and adaptation

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  • Transition to clean energy

Find out more.

The LIFE Carbon Farming project is part of the “Climate change mitigation and adaptation” sub-programme.

Find out more about the LIFE programme.

- How much will it cost?

Breakdown of the budget into the four sub-programmes:

  • Nature and biodiversity: €2,143,000,000.00
  • Circular economy and quality of life: €1,345,000,000.00
  • Climate change mitigation and adaptation: €947,000,000.00
  • Transition to clean energy: €997,000,000.00

A total of €5.4 billion has been allocated to the LIFE programme at European level over six years.

More information on the LIFE budget (select your language).

- Why is this?

The main objectives of the LIFE programme are as follows:

  • “Helping to achieve the transition to a sustainable, circular, renewable energy-based, carbon-neutral and resilient economy
  • Protecting, restoring and improving our environment
  • Slowing and reversing the loss of biodiversity
  • Halting the degradation of ecosystems by managing and improving the Natura 2000 network, thereby accelerating sustainable development
  • Encouraging and supporting green ideas for small and large businesses, NGOs, public authorities, citizens’ groups, academics and others”.
    (Ministry for Ecological Transition).

Find out more about LIFE’s objectives and ambitions.

Examples of LIFE projects

LIFE Green Sheep :


The aim of the project is to reduce the carbon footprint of dairy and meat sheep farms by 12%, while ensuring the sustainability of the farms. 5 countries are involved: France, Ireland, Italy, Spain and Romania.


LIFE Beef Carbon :


The aim of this project is to reduce the carbon footprint of beef farms in four countries: France, Ireland, Italy and Spain.



LIFE Agriadapt :


Completed in 2020, the aim of this project was to analyse the capacity of farms in Europe to adapt and improve their resilience in the face of climate change.